The Third set of booklets, under the series “50 Booklets in the in the Year of Fiftieth”

Recently published by Khalifa International Award for Date Palm and Agricultural Innovation, on the occasion of the Year of the Fiftieth

Khalifa International Award for Date Palm and Agricultural Innovation General Secretary, published the Third set of booklets (21-30), under the series “50 Booklets in the in the Year of Fiftieth”, which was which was launched by the award to celebrate the “Year of the Fiftieth”. Where the initiative aims to spread specialized scientific knowledge in compliance with the Award’s objectives and transfer knowledge to farmers and interested people working in the date palm cultivation, date production, and agricultural innovation sectors, at the national, and international levels.

Dr. Abdelouahhab Zaid, Award’s Secretary General, also highlighted the fact that the Third set of booklets were launched in celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the UAE’s Founding, and coinciding with “Year of the Fiftieth”, which will attract a large group of specialized academic expertise from inside and outside the UAE, covering scientific, technical material as well as innovative success stories. The booklets will also cover the use of artificial intelligence and the prospect of the agricultural future, in a way that contributes to supporting the scientific knowledge infrastructure related to the date palm cultivation, date production, and agricultural innovation sectors. The series of booklets and other publications are all available to the public readers through the Award’s Electronic Library, via the following link ( www.ekiaai.com ), also added Dr. Zaid.

The Third set of 10 booklets from the 50 Booklets series included the following:

1. Measuring the Award’s impact locally, regionally and internationally.

The study prepared by Hail Agricultural Consultancy in the UAE, confirmed that the Award’s achievements at the local, regional and international levels, indicated that its activities are widely spread in 52 countries. Where the total number of participants in the Award’s various activities significantly increased to be 14,000 participants, at a rate of 1,000 participants annually. The percentage of participations in fields related to date production cultivation to be (about 39%), followed by participations in the field of date production to be (about 35.6%). While the fields of marketing and exporting had a participation rate of about (18.1%), compared to (7.3%) from other unclassified fields. As the total number of female participations in various fields and activities was about 18.9%.

2. Date Palm trees, a cultural and social heritage of the United Arab Emirates.

The study, prepared by Professor Hassan BaHamad, a researcher specialized in the United Arab Emirates heritage, Director of the Ain Center for Information and Documentation, indicated that the date palm tree in the UAE symbolizes a source of life, heritage, and generosity, as reflects the depth of the UAE’s history, as it became a crucial part of the continuity, lifestyle, and daily life necessities. Emiratis have always taken great care of date palm trees, as it symbolizes the deep-rooted heritage of the UAE.

3. The development of dates exports globally.

The study prepared by Eng. Tamim Al-Dawi, Deputy Executive Director of the Export Council for Food Industries, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Arab Republic of Egypt, indicated that with the significant growth in date palm plantations in various countries of the world, led by the Arab countries, which currently produces more than 75% of the total global production volumes of 8.6 million tons, it is necessary to get a closer look at the current movement of the world’s date trade, and conduct studies to identify export opportunities, available and expected growth rates in different countries of the world, as well as interest in opening new markets to accommodate the growing production of dates.

4. AARINENA’s efforts in date palm cultivation and production.

The study prepared by Professor Dr. Reda Shibly, Executive Secretary of the Association of Agricultural Research Institutions in the Near East & North Africa (AARINENA), indicated that the union consists of several networks, including a network specialized in date palm, which includes many date palm experts from the NENA region. AARINENA and FAO have also collaborated to establish and operate the research, technology and innovation platform for the integrated production system of date palm crops in the Middle East and North Africa region. Dr. Shibli also emphasized the importance of the platform in coordinating the efforts of member counties regionally and internationally.

5. ACSAD’s role in the development of date palm cultivation and production.
The study presented by Dr. Nasreddine Al Obaid, Director General of The Arab Center for the Studies of Arid Zones and Dry Lands (ACSAD), referred to the role played by the Center since its founding in 1968, in the scientific research field in dry areas at the Arab level, referring to the date palm program established by the Center in 2003, with the aim of developing date palm cultivation in The Arab Center for the Studies of Arid Zones and Dry Land the Arab countries by adopting the concepts of integrated date palm tree by spreading and cultivating economically important varieties in the Arab countries in order to increase its production.

6. Statistical forecasting technology in the development of date palm cultivation

The study, prepared by Dr. Noureddine Jawadi, Faculty of Economics, at Al Wadi University, Algeria, addressed the role of the “statistical analysis” and “economic forecasting” technologies in the development of date palm cultivation and production’s performance, based on the critical importance of “econometrics” in the development of production performance (in quantity and quality) of date palm cultivation and production through four main categories.

7. Digital date trade

The study presented by Eng. Amjad Qassem, specialized in the scientific field, director of Scientific Horizons website, Jordan, indicated that with the increasing technological progress and development of communication and information networks throughout the world, which became one of the most important tools. Where the increased Increasing reliance on the Internet in all aspects of our daily lives to accomplish daily, commercial, study, research on the date palm trees, and its history.

8. Agricultural environments, sustainable production systems for date palms
The study presented by Dr. Rashid Al Yahyaei, Professor of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, indicated that agricultural ecology studies the interaction between plants, animals, humans and the environment in agricultural systems, and which is applied to many agricultural ecosystems, while the environmental aspect is specialized in the management of natural resources in agricultural systems, such as soil, water and biodiversity. Where Dr. Rashid identified 4 systems in agricultural environments: production (agricultural, total), stability (change over time, biodiversity), sustainability (permanence of diversity and productivity), and parity (in distribution, evenness).

9. Red Palm Weevil, Past, Present, Future
The study prepared by FAO expert Dr. Jose Faliero, indicated that the Red Palm Weevil originated from South and Southeast Asia, where it was one of the main coconuts pests and emerged as a major pest in date palm trees in diverse agricultural ecosystems around the world. Red palm Weevil entered the Middle East during the mid-1980s, spreading rapidly around the world mainly through infected farming materials transported for or agriculture. The Red Palm Weevil has also rapidly expanded its geographical scope over the past three decades.

10. Isolating and characterizing the gene responsible for determining date palms’ gender
The study prepared by Dr Mohieddin Suleiman, Assistant Professor of Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture and Food, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia, on the importance of knowing who determines the gender of a date palm tree, male or female? Pointing out that identifying the date palm gender in molecular genetics and genetic engineering depends on Molecular markers: which can be used to identify sequences and genes so that we can use DNA evidence through biotechnology and molecular genetics DNA) that Males and females are known in early germination using one or more available genetic engineering techniques such as: Analysis of the (DNA), PCR technology, or by using molecular evidence.

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